The Vascular Type of Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome is characterized by possible arterial or organ rupture as a result of spontaneous rupture of vessels or organs due to the result of even minor trauma. The Vascular Type of EDS is the most serious form of Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome. Please keep in mind that the Vascular Type of EDS is extremely hard to diagnose. Since so many patients are diagnosed with another form of EDS extreme caution should be taken with all forms of this disorder. It IS possible to have another type of EDS and Vascular. All types should be checked for Vascular problems periodically.
People with the disorder have thin, fragile skin that bruises easily. Veins are visible beneath the skin, particularly on the chest and abdomen, and hands and feet may have an aged appearance. Unlike people with other forms of Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome, people with the Vascular Type have skin that is soft but not overly stretchy. Facial features are often distinctive, including protruding eyes, a thin nose and lips, sunken cheeks, and a small chin.
All types of EDS may include an unusually large range of movement (hypermobility) of hand and foot joints, tearing of tendons and muscles, painfully swollen veins in the legs, lung collapse, and slow wound healing following injury or surgery. Infants with the condition may be born with hip dislocations and a foot disorder called clubfoot, which causes the foot to turn inward and downward.
Although serious problems are rare in childhood, more than 80 percent of patients experience severe complications by the age of 40. This condition is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern, which means one copy of the altered gene is sufficient to cause the disorder. About half of all cases are inherited from a parent who has the condition. The other half of cases occur in people whose families have no history of the disorder; these sporadic cases are caused by new mutations in one copy of the COL3A1 gene.